Military programs are governed by federal law, Department of Defense policy and additional policies specific to the branches of service. The below are the Department of Defense policies thst govern the Exceptional Family Member Program in the military.
DoD Directive 1020.1, "Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Handicap in Programs and Activities Assisted or Conducted by the Department of Defense," Mar. 31, 1982 certified as current Nov. 21, 2003
This directive prohibits discrimination based on disability in programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance disbursed by the DoD and in programs and activities conducted by the DoD.
DoD Instruction 1000.13, "Identification Cards for Members of the Uniformed Services, Their Dependents and Other Eligible Individuals," Dec. 5, 1997
This instruction establishes policy, responsibilities and procedures for the issuance of ID cards to members of the uniformed services of the United States. Children who become incapacitated prior to the age of 21 (or between 21 and 23 if enrolled as a full time student) and are incapable of self-support, remain entitled to benefits and privileges authorized by the uniformed services if medical sufficiency is met and the sponsor is providing more than 50 percent of their support.
DoD Instruction 1342.22, "Military Family Readiness," July 3, 2012
This instruction establishes policy, assigns responsibilities and establishes procedures for the provision of military family readiness services. It also sets requirements for financial education and counseling, relocation assistance, family readiness in the reserve components and emergency family assistance.
DoD Instruction 1315.19 "Authorizing Special Needs Family Members Travel Overseas at Government Expense," Dec. 20, 2005, certified as current Feb. 16, 2011
This instruction assigns responsibilities and prescribes procedures for authorizing family member travel at government expense for active duty service members who are assigned overseas and who have family members with special needs. The instruction also provides guidance for processing civilian employees who have family members with special needs for an overseas assignment. The instruction directs the branches of service and DoD components to verify the availability of medical services essential to meet the needs of family members with special medical needs and ensure the availability of early intervention services and related services essential to meet special education needs pursuant to the child's individualized family service plan or the individualized education program.
DoD Instruction 1342.12, "Provision of Early Intervention and Special Education Services to Eligible DoD Dependents," April 11, 2005
This instruction establishes policy for the provision of early intervention and special education services for eligible children with disabilities (birth through 21).